# Project Reports

000416256

2p0

Due 9/1/2012

## Recovery Act reports

Reports are quarterly First one is due Oct 2.

No of employees: = 5

Award Description:

Enter a description of the overall purpose and expected outcomes, or results of the contract or action under the contract funded by the Recovery Act, including significant deliverables and associated units of measure. (4000 character limit)

## 1/13/2010

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, W. Parsons, J. Salamanca, B. Starks, C. Taylor

Project Status: Less than 50% completed

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel working to fulfill the research objectives outlined in NSF award #PHY-0855661. The objectives of the last quarter, as described in the proposal, were to begin construction of the R1 drift chambers for Hall B's Jefferson Lab and complete installation of the Qweak R1 tracking system. Jefferson Lab has shifted its timeline for the Hall B drift chamber construction to begin 12/2010. T. Didberidze has completed testing the Qweak region 1 detector and has shipped one of the two detectors to JLab. B. Starks has received two air shower enclosures for the clean room and has installed a temperature monitoring system. W. Parsons has completed a software library which will be used in a readout system for the Qweak detector. J. Salamanca has graduated with a Ph. D. in physics and will be starting an academic position in Colombia. D. Martinez is calibrating a time-of-flight system for g13 experiment in JLab's hall B. C. Taylor is calibrating the Large Angle Calorimeter for the g13 experiment in JLab's Hall B.

## 4/8/10

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, W. Parsons, B. Starks, C. Taylor

Project Status: Less than 50% completed

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 5 personnel working to fulfill the research objectives outlined in NSF award #PHY-0855661. The objectives of the last quarter, as described in the proposal, were to begin construction of the R1 drift chambers for Hall B's Jefferson Lab and complete installation of the Qweak R1 tracking system. Jefferson Lab has shifted its timeline for the Hall B drift chamber construction to begin in Dec. of 2010. The installation of the Qweak R1 tracking system has also been shifted by JLab to begin on May 10, 2010. T. Didberidze completed testing the Qweak region 1 detector last quarter and is currently setting up a lab space at Jefferson Lab to use during the experiment. B. Starks has completed a design and cost estimate for a clean room and construction will begin in May, 2010. W. Parsons completed a software library which will be used in a readout system for the Qweak detector last quarter and this quarter he has used that readout to perform measurements of the detector output using a photon beam. D. Martinez is calibrating a time-of-flight system for the g13 experiment in JLab's Hall B. C. Taylor has calibrated the start counter the g13 and calibrating the online monitoring for the g9 experiment (FROST) in JLab's Hall B.

## 10/1/10

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, C. Taylor

Project Status: Less than 50% completed

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 3 personnel working to fulfill the research objectives outlined in NSF award #PHY-0855661. The objectives of the last quarter, as described in the proposal, were to perform quality assurance tests on the first R1 drift chambers for Hall B. Jefferson Lab has now shifted its timeline for the Hall B R1 drift chamber construction project to begin early 2011. The installation of the Qweak R1 tracking system was done this quarter. Tracking system commissioning and maintenance is expected to continue in the next quarter and beyond. T. Didberidze recently repaired the R1 tracking detectors at JLab and is preparing for her preliminary PH. D. exam. D. Martinez completed calibrating the time-of-flight system for the g13 experiment in JLab's Hall B. C. Taylor has worked to calibrated the start counter for the g9 experiment (FROST) in JLab's Hall B and is beginning to look in reduced data sets for his physics thesis.

## 1/10/11

Subject: Re: 1/10/11 ARRA report for RPHY21

Thank you. The report is validated, uploaded, and accepted! Lori

On Thu, Jan 6, 2011 at 3:06 PM, Dr Forest <tforest@athena.physics.isu.edu> wrote: Lori:

Here is my ARRA report for RPHY21.

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. martinez, C. Taylor

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel, 3 graduate students and 3 faculty members, working to fulfill the research objective outlines in NSF award # PHY-085561. The above proposal listed Q&A tests for the first R1 drift chamber as an objective. As mentioned last quarter, the R1 drift chamber construction project has been delayed by JLab. A request for Proposals for the project has been received by ISU and is due Jan. 19, 2011. The R1 drift chamber construction project will begin after JLab issues a contract to ISU. Graduate students continue to work towards the doctoral degrees in physics. T. Didberidze has passed her Ph.D. preliminary exam and begun writing her thesis. C. Taylor has continued calibrating the start counter for the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer experimental group's g9b and g13b and has begun analyzing data for his Ph. D. thesis. D. Martinez has reconstructed polarization observables from polarized photon interactions with a proton as the latest contribution to the data analysis for his thesis. The 3 faculty members manage the activities of the above graduate students.

## 10/7/2011

On Fri, Oct 7, 2011 at 5:23 PM, Tony Forest <foretony@isu.edu> wrote: Lori:

The ARRA report for October is given below.

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, C. Taylor, O. Cortez

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 7 personnel, 4 graduate students and 3 faculty members, working towards fulfilling the research objectives outlined in NSF award # PHY-085561. No milestones were listed for the previous quarter. Construction of five CLAS12 R1 detectors has begun with the first chamber scheduled to be completed before January. D. Martinez and C. Taylor continued their efforts analyzing the g13a and g8 data sets. T. Didberidze continues writing her thesis but has pushed her defense date to January in order to reanalyze pion detection efficiencies. O. Martinez joined the group in September, has passed the Ph. D. qualifying exam, and is starting her research The 3 faculty members manage the activities of the above graduate students in support of the proposed objectives.

## 7/8/11

On Jul 8, 2011, at 8:45 AM, Tony Forest wrote:

Lori:

The ARRA report for July is given below as well as the reports that have already been sent.

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, C. Taylor

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel, 3 graduate students and 3 faculty members, working to fulfill the research objective outlined in NSF award # PHY-085561. The above proposal did not list any milestones for the last quarter except for continuing efforts with the Americas and analyzing the data from the g8b and g13a/b experiments. C. Taylor has been completing the data processing to reconstruct particles in the g13a data set, a process called "cooking" and he is continuing to analyze data for his Ph.D. D. Martinez is in the process of correcting the calibration of a few scintillator detectors for the g13a data set which were discovered and he continues work towards measuring asymmetries using the g8b data set in CLAS. T. Didberidze is writing her thesis and performing additional analysis with the expectation of defending in August. A contract has been awarded to ISU for the construction of five CLAS 12 R1 detectors. Graduate students continue to work towards the doctoral degrees in physics. The 3 faculty members manage the activities of the above graduate students.

## 4/7/11

On Apr 7, 2011, at 10:01 AM, Tony Forest wrote:

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. martinez, C. Taylor

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel, 3 graduate students and 3 faculty members, working to fulfill the research objective outlined in NSF award # PHY-085561. The above proposal did not list any milestones for the last quarter. A proposal to construct the CLAS 12 R1 detectors at ISU has been accepted and a contract award is anticipated. Graduate students continue to work towards the doctoral degrees in physics. T. Didberidze is nearing the completion of her thesis and is expected to defend in August. C. Taylor has finished calibrating the start counter for the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer experimental group's g9b and g13b and continues to analyze data for his Ph. D. thesis. D. Martinez has observed asymmetries at all energy settings between 1.3 and 2.1 GeV, binned in 0.2 GeV intervals, for the polarization observables from polarized photon interactions with a proton. He has redone the time-of-flight calibration for g13's next track reconstruction phase and is currently involved in the arduous task of converting the analysis programs to 64 bit in order to use the upgraded JLab computing center. The 3 faculty members manage the activities of the above graduate students.

## 1/10/12

RPHY21 ARRA funding report for January 2012 is given below

Project Status: Less than 80% complete

Personnel: T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, C. Taylor, O. Cortez

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel, 3 graduate students and 3 faculty members, working to fulfill the research objective outlines in NSF award # PHY-085561. No objectives were listed for the past quarter in the proposal other than to continue g8b and g13a/b data analysis. C. Taylor has continued calibrating the start counter for the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer experimental group's g9b and g13b and continues analyzing data for his Ph. D. thesis. D. Martinez has reconstructed polarization observables from polarized photon interactions with a proton as the latest contribution to the data analysis for his thesis. The 3 faculty members manage the activities of the above graduate students.

# NSF Proposal Guide

d. Project Description (including Results from Prior NSF Support)

(i) Content

All proposals to NSF will be reviewed utilizing the two merit review criteria described in greater length in GPG Chapter III.

The Project Description should provide a clear statement of the work to be undertaken and must include: objectives for the period of the proposed work and expected significance; relation to longer-term goals of the PI's project; and relation to the present state of knowledge in the field, to work in progress by the PI under other support and to work in progress elsewhere.

The Project Description should outline the general plan of work, including the broad design of activities to be undertaken, and, where appropriate, provide a clear description of experimental methods and procedures and plans for preservation, documentation, and sharing of data, samples, physical collections, curriculum materials and other related research and education products. It must describe as an integral part of the narrative, the broader impacts resulting from the proposed activities, addressing one or more of the following as appropriate for the project: how the project will integrate research and education by advancing discovery and understanding while at the same time promoting teaching, training, and learning; ways in which the proposed activity will broaden the participation of underrepresented groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, disability, geographic, etc.); how the project will enhance the infrastructure for research and/or education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and partnerships; how the results of the project will be disseminated broadly to enhance scientific and technological understanding; and potential benefits of the proposed activity to society at large.

# ignore

\begin{flushright} \today \end{flushright}

\centerline{{\bf Project Summary}: Experimental Nuclear Physics at Jefferson Lab}

\centerline{{\bf PIs}: Tony Forest, Phil Cole, and Dan Dale}

This proposal requests support for a program using electromagnetic probes to study hadronic matter on a fundamental level at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Although the group recently formed at Idaho State Univeristy, each of the senior level participants has a history of intense involvement in the Jefferson Lab physics program. We are requesting support from the NSF to allow our graduate students to complete their Ph.D. degrees with our current physics program and facilitate the construction of equipment for the 12 GeV JLab upgrade.

insert new sentence here


## Intellectual Merit

\begin{center} {\it \underline {The Intellectual Merit of the Proposed Activities}} \end{center}

Our group is currently focused on three fundamental experiments. The $Q_{weak}$ experiment will utilize parity violating electron scattering to measure the weak mixing angle, $sin^2(\theta_w)$. This measurement represents a stringent test of the Standard Model or alternatively, a search for new physics beyond the Standard Model. Led by Dr. Tony Forest, Idaho State University's contribution to the $Q_{weak}$ program includes a major instrumentation component, namely, the Region 1 Detector and the Front End electronics. Dr. Philip Cole is focusing on comprehensive measurements of vector meson and hyperon photoproduction utilizing linearly polarized photons to improve our understanding of the underlying symmetry of the quark degrees of freedom in the nucleon, the nature of the parity exchange between the incident photon and the target nucleon, and the mechanism of associated strangeness production in electromagnetic reactions. Dr. Dan Dale is a spokesperson for the {\em PrimEx} Collaboration which seeks to perform a high precision measurement of the neutral pion lifetime as a test of the chiral anomaly in QCD, along with different approaches to corrections to the anomaly. Using photoproduction in the Coulomb field of a nucleus, this measurement will provide a stringent test of the predictions of quantum chromodynamics in the confinement scale regime. With a view toward the future upgrade of the Jefferson Lab accelerator, the Idaho State University group is proposing to built the Region 1 drift chambers at ISU for the Hall-B 12 GeV program. Clean room facilities are currently being designed at Idaho State University for this effort.

\begin{center} {\it \underline {Broader Impacts of the Proposed Activities}} \end{center}

## Prior and Future use of NSF Funds

### Prior use of NSF funds

\begin{figure}[htbp] %\vspace{-1in} \begin{center} { \scalebox{0.2} [0.4]{\includegraphics{Graphs/Cole_BremHist.eps}} \scalebox{0.25} [0.25]{\includegraphics{Graphs/DalePairSpect.eps}} \scalebox{0.15} [0.15]{\includegraphics[angle=90]{Graphs/QweakAssembledDetector.eps}} } \caption{The histograms show the improvement to Hall B's linearly polarized photon beam using the collimator designed and calibrated by CoPI Cole. The middle picture shows the pair spectrometer system installed in Hall B by CoPI Dale and his collaborators. The right most picture is of an assembled GEM detector for $Q_{weak}$'s Region 1 tracking system designed, machined and assembled by PI Forest and his students at ISU. } \label{fig:PriorNSFProducts} \end{center} \end{figure}

The PIs in this proposal have a strong record of receiving external funding from the NSF and a history of effectively using those funds to make substantially contributions to the infrastructure of the nuclear physics program described in this proposal, as summarized in Figure~\ref{fig:PriorNSFProducts}. The bremsstrahlung facility in JLab's Hall-B is one example of CoPI Cole's efforts to enhance the capabilities of Hall B's photon physics program. CoPI Dale has used NSF funds to install a pair spectrometer facility in Hall B. The Region 1 tracking system for $Q_{weak}$ was constructed by PI Forest using NSF funds.

#### Coherent Bremsstrahlung Facility

An instrumented collimator, having an aperture of 2.0 mm in diameter, is installed in the Hall-B beamline downstream of the tagger magnet and is located 22.9 m away from the diamond radiator. The collimator~\cite{collimator-cole}, designed and calibrated by CoPI Cole, forms part of the Coherent Bremstrahlung Facility; it serves to enhance the degree of linear polarization, $P$, within the coherent peak. As shown in Fig~\ref{fig:PriorNSFProducts}, the coherent distribution, peaked at 2.1~GeV, is considerably enhanced by tightly collimating the photon beam to one half of a characteristic angle. The spectra were taken with an electron beam energy of 4.5 GeV. Since the merit function %scales as $1/P_{\gamma}^2$ inversely scales with the photon poloarization squared, the collimation as shown in Figure~\ref{fig:PriorNSFProducts} enhances the quality of the polarization data by at least 30\%.

In 2000, an NSF MRI proposal (grant \# PHY-0079840) for \$970k was awarded (PIs: D.S.~Dale, A.~Gasparian, R.~Miskimen, S.~Dangoulian) for the construction of a multichannel neutral pion calorimeter, a pair spectrometer for flux monitoring, as well as a number of other pieces of experimental instrumentation for the {\em PrimEx} experiment. CoPI Dale was involved in all aspects of the experimental design and construction, and was the lead on the design, construction, and testing of the pair spectrometer. This pair spectrometer was successfully commissioned in 2002, and is now a part of the standard beamline instrumentation in Hall B. #### Qweak Detector Construction The design, construction, and testing of the Region 1 tracking system for the$Q_{weak}$experiment at Jefferson Lab has been the main research activity supported by PI Forest's previous NSF grant. The$Q_{weak}$Region 1 tracking system is one of three tracking systems designed to measure the$Q^2$profile of elastically scattered electrons as well as background contributions to the parity violating signal~\cite{Qweak}. The Region 1 tracking system is located behind the first collimator at a distance of about 550 cm from the main torus magnet (200 cm from the target). The high radiation flux and the small detector footprint are two of the biggest challenges facing the Region 1 tracking system. As a result, an ionization chamber equipped with Gas Electron Multipliers (GEM) was chosen in order to accommodate the high radiation flux near the target. The GEM preamplifiers allow smaller ionization cell sizes thereby resulting in ionization chamber rise times of 50 nanoseconds or less. Figure~\ref{fig:PriorNSFProducts} below shows the custom designed GEM detector for the$Q_{weak}$Region 1 tracking system. Engineers from the Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC) designed the GEM preamplifiers. This is a clear example of how the infrastructure at the IAC can be leveraged in support of our physics mission. The remaining detector design, machining, and assembly was completed using both graduate and undergraduate students. ### Future Use of NSF funds \begin{figure} [!hbp] \begin{center}{ \scalebox{0.25} [0.35]{\includegraphics{Graphs/deltad_CLAS12.eps}} \scalebox{0.2} [0.3]{\includegraphics{Graphs/p11_high.eps}} } \caption{ The left figure represents a comparison between the measurement to be made using an energy upgraded JLab with fits of the world data set for$\frac{\Delta d}{d}$. The expected data have been drawn along the pQCD and CQM prediction. The right figure represents the high$Q^2$measurements that are possible after the upgrade to Hall B. Projected$N^*$electrocoupling for the Roper$P_{11}(1440)$as a function of$Q^{2}$where the open circles with error bars are from our expected experiment~\cite{NSTAR12}, the closed squares are from the available CLAS data on single pion electroproduction~\cite{Aznauryan-2005}, and the solid blue squares are the preliminary data from analysis of e1-6 run overlaid with the results from the combined analysis of single and double pion electroproduction off protons~\cite{Aznauryan-2005-1}.} \label{fig:JLab12GeVPhysics} \end{center} \end{figure} #### Work Plan The work undertaken to satisfy the objectives for the funding cycle of this proposal involves the completion of the Region 1 tracking system for$Q_{weak}$and the construction of drift chambers for the Hall B 12 GeV upgrade according to the milestones shown in Table~\ref{table:Timeline}. The construction of the$Q_{weak}$Region 1 tracking system detector will be completed before the current NSF funding cycle expires. The R1 tracking system is expected to be delivered to JLab during the summer of 2009 and be integrated with other tracking system components to test the system before the scheduled installation in early 2010. PI Forest will play a critical role integrating the detector and front end electronics into the rest of the tracking system during the first few months of this proposal as well as during the installation and operation of the system in the two years that follow. During the same time frame, CoPIs Cole and Dale will be responsible for installing a clean room facility at ISU which will be used to construct drift chambers for JLab's Hall B starting in early 2010. The class-10,000 clean room for this project has been designed in collaboration with JLab's drift chamber management group and bids have been received. The drift chamber construction for Hall B is a critical component in support of the 12 GeV upgrade program at JLab and will support the ISU physics program.  Date Objective 06/09 Begin installing a clean room for constructing Hall B R1 Drift Chambers & at the Idaho Accelerator Center 09/09 Complete testing of the$Q_{weak}$Region 1 tracking system at JLab 01/10 Begin Construction of R1 Chambers 03/10 Complete installation of$Q_{weak}$Region 1 tracking system in JLab's Hall C 06/10 Quality Assurance Tests for the First R1 Drift Chambers 10/12 Install all R1 chambers in Hall-B 08/09 - 07/11 Continue efforts with the Americas 08/09 - 07/11 Analyze g8b and g13a/b data: omega and charged rho production. Gun HV 10 (Knob Setting) #### ISU's 12 GeV Physics Program The ISU group is currently the spokespersons on two experiments proposed for a 12 GeV upgraded Hall B. The first experiment, PR12-06-109, will make measurements that contribute substantially to our knowledge of polarized parton distribution functions for all quark flavors and even the polarized gluon distribution$\Delta g$. One particular outcome, shown in Figure~\ref{fig:JLab12GeVPhysics}, will improve our ability to test the high-x prediction made by pQCD and the constituent quark model. While pQCD predicts that$\frac{\Delta d}{d}$should go to unity at$x_{bjk} =1$, the constituent quark model, with hyperfine interactions, predicts a value closer to$-$1/3. A second component to ISU's 12 GeV program will seek to measure the exclusive single- and double-pion channels produced when 11-GeV electrons are directed onto a proton target with an upgraded CLAS detector. The goal will be to perform measurements of resonances, like the$P_{11}(1440)$resonance shown in Figure~\ref{fig:JLab12GeVPhysics}, which will be used as input to models describing such transitions. The Excited Baryon Analysis Center (EBAC) at JLab is one such effort which will use an advanced coupled-channel approach in these fits. These studies will afford us the means to sample the transition from the hadronic to partonic regime. #### List of Currently supported students  Student Classification Expected Grad Yr Julian Salamanca Ph. D. 2009 Tamar Didbarize Ph. D. 2010 Danny Martinez Ph. D. 2012 Oleksei Kosinov Ph. D. 2012 Adrianne Spilker M.S. 2009 Shadike Saitiniyazi M.S. 2009 Jordan Keough BS 2011 Nathan Lebaron BS 2012 ==The Broader Impact of the Idaho State University Nuclear Physics Research Program}\label{section:BroaderImpacts} \subsection{The Americas}== Our broader impacts activities are directed towards the Americas, central and south. Over the past nine years, the two CoPIs have have been active in outreach towards Latin America. CoPIs Dale and Cole can both communicate in Spanish. Indeed, this past year CoPI Cole successfully completed Spanish 201 and 202 at ISU, as a Freshman with an undeclared major, and he is presently enrolled in an advanced Spanish composition course at the 300-level in the effort to attain fluency. Speaking Spanish is necessary for our broader impacts activities. South American physics students tend to read English rather well, but speaking good English is entirely another matter. To attract students, one needs to present the many research opportunities in medium energy nuclear physics in the United States while dispelling subtle and not-so-subtle misconceptions, which abound. And to communicate these matters, it is imperative to speak good Spanish. We seek to promote dialogue between faculty members of North-American and Latin-American institutions by finding common interests in research which will allow for coordinating our programs in nuclear physics research. Through this effort, we expect to strengthen existing links and forge new ones within the broad scope of the international nuclear physics community. CoPI Cole has been a PI four times and a CoPI twice on six separate Americas Program grants, which amounts in \$130k in funding.

\medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf Funding History} \end{center}

\begin{itemize} \item The {\sf III Latin American Workshop on Nuclear and Heavy Ion Physics} (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-INT-9907453 for \$15,000 \item {\sf A Collaborative Effort between the U.S. and Colombia on the Physics with Linearly Polarized Photons}. (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0101815 for \$32,590.

\item {\sf Americas Program: Student Sponsorship at the Fourth Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics, Mexico City, Mexico, September 24-28, 2001.} (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0117545 for \$23,369 \item {\sf US-Brazil Student Sponsorship at the Fifth Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics; Santos, Brazil, September 1-5, 2003} (PI: Phil Cole, CoPI Jorge Lopez) NSF-OISE-0313656 for \$18,000

\item {\sf U.S.-Argentina Collaborative Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its Applications} (PI: Chaden Djalali, CoPI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0527110 for \$32,200. \item {\sf US-Peru Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its Applications, June 11-16, 2007, Cusco, Peru} (PI: Chaden Djalali, CoPI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0652360 for \$32,200. See: VII Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, AIP Conference Proceedings 947 (2007), Editors: Ricardo Alarcon, Philip L.~Cole, Chaden Djalali, and Fernando Umeres.

\end{itemize}

Recent outcomes of our links with the Latin American community include Mr. Tulio Rodrigues' visit to Jefferson Lab in August 2004 to work with CoPI Dan Dale on theoretical calculations for the {\em PrimEx} experiment. At the time CoPI Dale was at the University of Kentucky. Mr.~Rodrigues was supervised by Dr.~Arruda-Neto, head of the Nuclear Reactions and Structure Research Group at the Physics Institute of the University of S\~{a}o Paulo and received his Ph.D. in 2006. Dr.~Rodrigues has visited ISU twice in the past two years to work on {\em PrimEx}-related physics. Another graduate student, Mr.~Vladimir Montealegre from the Universidad de los Andes in Bogot\'{a}, Colombia, entered the Ph.D. program at the University of South Carolina. Our recruitment efforts are paying off. Our group now has two strong Ph.D. students, Juli\'{a}n Salamaca and Danny Mart\'{\i}nez, from Colombia and upon processing the necessary paperwork, two more Ph.D. students from Colombia will join us in January, 2009.

\medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Need} \end{center}

Lack of modern equipment is one of the main obstacles to research in the less-developed Latin American countries. There is, however, considerable variation in the size and influence of the physics community by individual countries~\cite{MoranLopez}. A few groups have managed to pursue successful experimental programs in countries with comparatively long traditions in applied and basic research in the nuclear sciences; the chief examples being Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico, countries where research is fostered through collaborative efforts through annual national nuclear physics conferences. Two of these countries Brazil, site of the V LASNP, and Argentina, site of the VI LASNPA, have launched initiatives to construct large facilities allowing for their use by the wider international nuclear physics community: the Brazilian National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS) in Campinas (about 70 miles west of S\~{a}o Paulo) and the Tandar heavy ion accelerator in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Other countries in the region which have recently initiated activities aimed to improve their academic and scientific infrastructure in the nuclear sciences include Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela.

\medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Opportunity} \end{center}

There is ample room for collaborative overlap between the two hemispheres. Establishing links between the United States and Latin America will provide a means for recruiting high-caliber graduate-level students and post-doctoral fellows to pursue research at US institutions and laboratories such as JLab, RHIC, ORNL, RIA, and IAC. Such an academic relationship between North and South America will further strengthen the scientific endeavors of the nuclear physics communities of both continents. There is at present a dearth of graduate students pursuing advanced degrees in experimental and theoretical nuclear physics at US universities. This shortage is keenly felt at the national laboratories and facilities, where there is an abundance of Ph.D. theses topics and a paucity of graduate students. The goal is to build ties with faculty and students. While attracting students to US graduate programs, we also wish to build new groups and infrastructure in Latin America that would give the students an attractive career option in their home country after graduation.

%\newpage %\medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Means and the Goals} \end{center}

We seek to grow these outreach efforts and our group will continue to write funding grants to the NSF Americas Program for sponsoring students to attend future interactions of the Latin American Symposium for Nuclear Physics and Applications. CoPI Cole was recently elected to the ten-member board International Organizing Committee of the VIII Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications to be held in Santiago, Chile, December 15-19, 2009. As in the past, the Committee's responsibilities include the scientific program, formation of an International Advisory Board, and some key aspects of the overall organization of the Symposium. Of this membership, three members are from Universities in the United States. With a colleague in Argentina, CoPI Cole further will write a grant to the International Atomic Energy Agency to help defray travel expenses for non-U.S.~students in Latin America, where typically funding from the NSF cannot be obtained.

\hspace{0.5in} The role graduate students play in the experiments which take place within our program provide them with marketable skill sets. Maria Novovic and Jena Kraft are clear examples of the impact members of this group have had training an underrepresented group in physics. Maria Novovic was trained in data acquisition, scintillator construction, and data analysis. She is currently a staff physicist at the University of Southern Alabama and is responsible for the undergraduate physics laboratories in addition to her undergraduate instructor role. The graduate training and experiences in PI Forest's lab were instrumental in securing her current position. Jena Kraft, who found a position in industry, reported that her design skills acquired while making a high pressure gas chamber for the GEM detector during her thesis were a key ingredient to her current position. The detector construction and instrumentation projects described in this proposal will continue to be effective in training graduate students for the market place. The Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics Group at Idaho State University currently has three graduate students, listed in Table~\ref{table:Students}, working on JLab physics. Our expectation is that this number will increase with the addition of two faculty with JLab projects and the annual influx of more than 10 incoming graduate students per year.

## Facilities

\hspace{0.5in}The Idaho State University Department of Physics Strategic Plan identifies the use of experimental nuclear physics techniques as its focus area to addressing problems in both fundamental and applied science. The major efforts of the department include fundamental nuclear and particle physics, nuclear reactor fuel cycle physics, nuclear non-proliferation and homeland security, accelerator applications, radiation effects in materials and devices, biology and health physics. Because of this focus, the department has been characterized as one of the largest nuclear physics graduate programs in the nation with an average of over 50 graduate students. One of the key ingredients to the department's success has been the completion of the Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC) on April 30, 1999. A substantial amount of lab space (4000 sq. ft.) within the department has become available due to a combination of the IAC and a remodeling of the physics building. A detector lab with the potential to construct proto-type drift chambers in a clean room environment is currently planned as part of the lab space renovation.

The Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC) is located less than a mile away from campus and will provide a machining facility for detector construction, an electronics shop for installation of instrumentation, and beam time for detector performance studies. The IAC houses ten operating accelerators as well as a machine and electronics shop with a permanent staff of 8 Ph.D.'s and 6 engineers. Among its many accelerator systems, the Center houses a Linac capable of delivering 20 ns to 2 $\mu$s electron pulses with an instantaneous current of 80 mA up to an energy of 25 MeV at pulse rates up to 1kHz. The IAC has donated beam time to the Q$_{weak}$ project for the purpose of testing detector performance. One of the goals of these tests will be to evaluate the Q$_{weak}$ detector at high rates. The IAC is well suited for these rate tests as the Q$_{weak}$ calibration rates will be much lower than the electron and photon rates the IAC is capable of generating. A full description of the facility is available at the web site (www.iac.isu.edu).

The Beowulf REsource for Monte-carlo Simulations (BREMS) is a 12 node, 64 bit cluster housed in the ISU physics department which can support the high performance computing needs of the physics research program. This facility is the result of an investment made by NSF award PHYS-987453. This infrastructure will be an effective means for performing GEANT4 simulations of the Q$_{weak}$ experiment as well as Garfield simulations of the Region II drift chamber design. Simulation speed is increased on BREMS by running the simulation in parallel on many CPUs. A version of GEANT4 known as ParGeant4~\cite{ParGeant4} has recently been distributed which will allow these simulations to be run in parallel.

# The Broader Impact of the Idaho State University Nuclear Physics Research Program

## The Americas

Our broader impacts activities are directed towards the Americas, cental and south. Over the past nine years, the two CoPIs have have been active in outreach towards Latin America. CoPIs Dale and Cole can both communicate in Spanish. Indeed, this past year CoPI Cole successfully completed Spanish 201 and 202 at ISU, as a Freshman with an undeclared major, and he is presently enrolled in an advanced Spanish composition course at the 300-level in the effort to attain fluency. Speaking Spanish is necessary for our broader impacts activities. South American physics students tend to read English rather well, but speaking good English is entirely another matter. To attract students, one needs to present the many research opportunities in medium nuclear physics the United States while dispelling subtle and not-so-suble misconceptions, which abound. And to communicate these matters, it is imperative to speak good Spanish.

We seek to promote dialogue between faculty members of North-American and Latin-American institutions by finding common interests in research which will allow for coordinating our programs in nuclear physics research. Through this effort, we expect to strengthen existing links and forge new ones within the broad scope of the international nuclear physics community. CoPI has been a PI four times and a CoPI twice on six separate Americas Program grants, which amounts in \$130k in funding. \medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf Funding History} \end{center} \begin{itemize} \item The {\sf III Latin American Workshop on Nuclear and Heavy Ion Physics} (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-INT-9907453 for \$15,000

\item {\sf A Collaborative Effort between the U.S. and Colombia on the Physics with Linearly Polarized Photons}. (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0101815 for \$32,590. \item {\sf Americas Program: Student Sponsorship at the Fourth Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics, Mexico City, Mexico, September 24-28, 2001.} (PI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0117545 for \$23,369

\item {\sf US-Brazil Student Sponsorship at the Fifth Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics; Santos, Brazil, September 1-5, 2003} (PI: Phil Cole, CoPI Jorge Lopez) NSF-OISE-0313656 for \$18,000 \item {\sf U.S.-Argentina Collaborative Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its Applications} (PI: Chaden Djalali, CoPI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0527110 for \$32,200.

\item {\sf US-Peru Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its Applications, June 11-16, 2007, Cusco, Peru} (PI: Chaden Djalali, CoPI: Phil Cole) NSF-OISE-0652360 for \$32,200. See: VII Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, AIP Conference Proceedings 947 (2007), Editors: Ricardo Alarcon, Philip L.~Cole, Chaden Djalali, and Fernando Umeres. \end{itemize} Recent outcomes of our links with the Latin American community include Mr. Tulio Rodrigues visit to Jefferson Lab in August 2004 to work with Dr.~Dan Dale on theoretical calculations for the PrimEx experiment. At the time CoPI Dale was at the University of Kentucky. Mr.~Rodrigues was supervised by Dr.~Arruda-Neto, head of the Nuclear Reactions and Structure Research Group at the Physics Institute of the University of S\~{a}o Paulo and received his PhD in 2006. Dr.~Rodrigues has visited ISU twice in the past two years to work on PrimEx-related physics. Another graduate student, Mr.~Vladimir Montealegre from the Universidad de los Andes in Bogot\'{a}, Colombia, entered the PhD program at the University of South Carolina. Our recruitment efforts are paying off. Our group now has two strong PhD students, Juli\'{a}n Salamaca and Danny Mart\'{\i}nez, from Colombia and upon processing the necessary paperwork, two more PhD students from Colombia will join us in January, 2009. \medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Need} \end{center} Lack of modern equipment is one of the main obstacles to applied research in the less-developed Latin American countries. There is, however, considerable variation in the size and influence of the physics community by individual countries ~\cite{MoranLopez}. A few groups have managed to pursue successful experimental programs in countries with comparatively long tradition in applied and basic research in the nuclear sciences; the chief examples being Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico, countries, where research is fostered through collaborative efforts through annual national nuclear physics conferences. Two of these countries Brazil, site of the V LASNP, and Argentina, site of the VI LASNPA, have launched initiatives to construct large facilities allowing for its use by the wider international nuclear physics community: the Brazilian National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS) in Campinas (about 70 miles west of S\~{a}o Paulo) and the Tandar heavy ion accelerator in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Other countries in the region which have recently initiated activities aimed to improve their academic and scientific infrastructure in the nuclear sciences include Bolivia, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. \medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Opportunity} \end{center} There is ample room for collaborative overlap between the two hemispheres. Establishing links between the United States and Latin America will provide a means for recruiting high-caliber graduate-level students and post-doctoral fellows to pursue research at US institutions and laboratories such as JLab, RHIC, ORNL, RIA, and IAC. Such an academic relationship between North and South America will further strengthen the scientific endeavors of the nuclear physics communities of both continents. There is at present a dearth of graduate students pursuing advanced degrees in experimental and theoretical nuclear physics at US universities. This shortage is keenly felt at the national laboratories and facilities, where there are an abundance of PhD theses topics and a paucity of graduate students. The goal is to build ties with faculty and students. While attracting students to US graduate programs, we also wish to build new groups and infrastructure in Latin America that would give the students an attractive career option in their home country after graduation. %\newpage \medskip \begin{center} \underline{\sf The Means and the Goals} \end{center} We seek to grow these outreach efforts and our group will continue to write funding grants to the NSF Americas Program for sponsoring students to attend future interations of the Latin American Symposium for Nuclear Physics and Applications. CoPI Cole was recently elected to the ten-member board International Organizing Committee of the VIII Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications to be held in Santiago, Chile, December 15-19, 2009. As in the past, the Committee's responsibilities include the scientific program, formation of an International Advisory Board, and some key aspects of the overall organization of the Symposium. Of this membership, four members are from Universities in the United States. CoPI Cole further will write a grant to the International Atomic Energy Agency to help defray travel expenses for non-U.S.~students in Latin America, where typically funding from the NSF cannot apply. ## Graduate Student Training and Marketability hspace{0.5in} The role graduate students play in the experiments which take place within our program provide them with marketable skill set. Maria Novovic and Jena Kraft are clear example of the impact member of this group has had train ing an underrepresented goup in physics. Maria Novovic was trained in data acquisition, scintillator construction, and data analysis. She is currently a staff physicist at the University of Southern Alabama and is responsible for the undergraduate physics laboratories in addition to her undergraduate instructor role. The graduate training and experiences in Dr. Forest's lab were instrumental in securing her current position. Jena Kraft, who found a position in industry, reported that her design skills acquired while making a high pressure gas chamber for the GEM detector during her thesis were a key ingredient to her current position. The detector construction and instrumentation projects described in this proposal will continue to be effective in training graduate students for the market place. The Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics Group at Idaho State University currently has three graduate students, listed in table~\ref{table:currentstudents}, working on JLAB physics. Our expectation is that this number will increase with this years addition of two faculty with JLAB projects and the annual influx of more than 10 incoming graduate students per year. # Bibliography \begin{thebibliography}{5} \bibitem{Hin00} I. Hinchcliffe, Eur. Phys. J. {\bf C 15}, 85 (2000). \bibitem{TOP97} TOPAZ Collaboration: I. Levine {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 78}, 424 (1997). \bibitem{VEN98} VENUS Collaboration: S. Odaka {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 81}, 2428 (1998). \bibitem{OPAL00} OPAL Collaboration: G. Abbiendi {\it et al.}, Eur. Phys. J. {\bf C 13}, 553 (2000). \bibitem{L300} L3 Collaboration: M. Acciarri {\it et al.}, Phys. Lett. {\bf B 476}, 40 (2000). \bibitem{Erler} J.~Erler and M.~J.~Ramsey-Musolf,arXiv:hep-ph/0409169 ; hep-ph/0005084. \bibitem{APV} A. Derevianko { \it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 85}, 1618 (2000). \bibitem{E158} P.L. Anthony,{\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 95}, 081601, (2005) hep-ex/0504049 . \bibitem{NuTeV} NuTeV Collaboration: G. P. Zeller {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 88}, (2002) 091802; \\ Erratum-ibid. {\bf 90} (2003) 239902 hep-ex/0110059. \bibitem{Zpole} M. Chanowitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 87}, 231802. (2001); Phys. Rev.~D {\bf 66}, 073002 (2002). \bibitem{Qweak} Q$_{weak}$Experiment, JLab Experiment E05-008,  R. Carlini spokesman (www.jlab.org/Qweak).  \bibitem{QweakAp} Q$_{weak}$Experiment, JLab Experiment E02-020 Appendices, J. Erler and M.J. Ramsey-Musolf. \bibitem{LOIdDelta} Letter of Intent (LOI-03-105) to JLab PAC24. \bibitem{Zhu012} Shi-Lin Zhu, C.M. Mackawa, G. Sacco, B.R. Holstein, and M.J. Ramsey-Musolf, \bibitem{Hara64} Y. Hara, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 12}, 378 (1964). \bibitem{PDGAlphaSigma} Particle Data Group, W.-M. Yao {\it et al.}, Journal of Physics G {\bf 33}, 1 (2006).(www.pdg.lbl.gov). \bibitem{Bor99} B. Borasoy and B.R. Holstein, Phys. Rev.~D {\bf 59}, 094025, hep-ph/9902431. \bibitem{Des80} B. Desplanques, J.F. Donoghue, and B.R. Holstein, Ann. Phys. {\bf 124}, 449 (1980). \bibitem{Zhu00} Shi-lin Zhu, S.J. Puglia, B.R. Holstein, and M.J. Ramsey-Musolf, hep-ph/0012253 (2000). \bibitem{Cole94} Photoproduction of$\rho$Mesons from the Proton with Linearly Polarized Photons, Jefferson Lab E-94-109, P.L.~Cole and K.~Livingston, cospokespersons. \bibitem{Ted98} Photoproduction of$\phi$Mesons with Linearly Polarized Photons, Jefferson Lab E-98-109, D.J.~Tedeschi, P.L.~Cole, and J.A.~Mueller, cospokespersons. \bibitem{FKlein99} Photoproduction of$\omega$Mesons off Protons with Linearly Polarized Photons, Jefferson Lab \mbox{E-99-013}, F.J.~Klein and P.L.~Cole, cospokespersons. \bibitem{Sanabria01} Photoproduction of Associated Strangeness using a Linearly Polarized  Beam of Photons, CLAS Approved Analysis 2001, J.C.~Sanabria, J.~Kellie, and F.J.~Klein, cospokespersons. \bibitem{Pasyukg8} Proposal for CLAS Approved Analysis (CAA) for Beam Asymmetry in$\eta^{\prime}$,$\pi^{\circ}p$, and$\pi^{+}n$Photoproduction with g8b Data, P.~Collins J.~Ball, M.~Dugger, E.~Pasyuk, B.G.~Ritchie, W.J.~Briscoe, I.I.~Strakovsky, and  R.L.~Workman. Oct.~27, 2006. \bibitem{g8papers} See: \underline{\sf http://www.jlab.org/exp\_prog/generated/apphallb.html} to view the above approved proposals in pdf and click on the experiment number (\mbox{E-94-109}, \mbox{E-98-109}, and/or \mbox{E-99-013}). These pdf files can also be found in: \underline{\sf http://www.physics.isu.edu/$\sim$cole/g8/experimental-proposals/}. \bibitem{CGordon} Christopher Gordon, $\rho^{\circ}$Photoproduction using Linearly Polarised Photons with the CLAS Detector, University of Glasgow, Ph.D. Thesis, May 2004. \bibitem{JMelone} Joseph Melone, Measurement of the Photon Asymmetry for the$p(\vec{\gamma}K^{+})\Lambda$Reaction at CLAS from 1.6 to 2.0~GeV, University of Glasgow, Ph.D. Thesis, Dec.~2004. \bibitem{APuga} Alejandro Puga, Calibration of the UTEP/Orsay Instrumented Collimator via the LabVIEW-based Data Acquisition System, University of Texas at El Paso, Master's Thesis, Dec.~2001. \bibitem{JSalamanca} Juli\'{a}n Salamanca, C\'{a}lculo de la aceptancia del detector CLAS para la reacci\'{o}n$\vec{\gamma} p \rightarrow K \Lambda$, Universidad de los Andes, Bogot\'{a}, Colombia;  Master's Thesis: Dec.~2004. The PI was the external committee member and attended the defense in Bogot\'{a} in November, 2004. He also used this opportunity to recruit Mr.~Salamanca to Idaho State University. \bibitem{RMammei} Russell Mammei, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship, 2003. He worked on the calibration of the \mbox{Hall-B} instrumented collimator. Juliette Mammei, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship, 2003. She worked on the Hall-C 12 GeV upgrade. \bibitem{Paterson-g8b} Craig Paterson, Polarization Observables in Strangeness Photoproduction with CLAS at Jefferson Lab, Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow, Sept.~2008. \bibitem{Collins-g8b} Patrick Collins, Beam Asymmetry in Eta(547) and Eta(958) Meson Photoproduction off the Proton, Ph.D. thesis, Arizon State University. Nov.~2008. \bibitem{Salamanca-g8b} Julian Salamanca, $\phi$-Meson Photoproduction with Linearly Polarized Photons at Threshold Energies, Ph.D. thesis, Idaho State University, expected: May, 2009. \bibitem{LASNPA-7} Julian Salamanca, Philip L.~Cole, and the CLAS Collaboration, $\phi$-Meson Photoproduction with Linearly Polarized Photons at Threshold Energies, VII Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, AIP Conf.~Proc.~947 (2007). \bibitem{mibe} {T.~Mibe, Measurement of$\phi$-meson photoproduction near production threshold with linearly polarized~photons, Ph.D.~thesis, Osaka University, Japan (2004), {\it unpublished}. \\ T.~Mibe {\it et al.} Phys.~Rev.~Lett.~{\bf 95}, 182001 (2005). }  \bibitem{shilling} K.~Schilling, P.~Seyboth, and G.~Wolf, Nucl.~Phys.~B {\bf{15}}, 397 (1970). \bibitem{sakurai} J.J.~Sakurai, Ann.~Phys. {\bf{11}}, 1 (1960). \bibitem{book} See {\sl e.g.} Dynamics of the Standard Model, J.F. Donoghue, E. Golowich, and B.R. Holstein, Cambridge University Press (1992). \bibitem{anomaly} J.S. Bell and R. Jaciw, Nuovo Cimento 60A, 47 (1969). S.L. Adler, Phys. Rev. 177, 2426 (1969). \bibitem{At85} H.W. Atherton {\it et al.}, Phys. Lett.~B {\bf 158} 81 (1985). \bibitem{Br74} A. Browman {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 33}, 1400 (1974). \bibitem{Bel70} G. Bellettini {\it et al.}, Il Nuovo Cimento, {\bf 66} , 243 (1970). \bibitem{Kr70} V.I. Kryshkin {\it et al.}, Sov. Phys. JETP, { \bf 30}, 1037 (1970). \bibitem{collimator-cole} P.L.~Cole, Design Note (1999) unpublished; A.~Puga, M.S.~thesis, University of Texas at El Paso (2001). The device was designed and constructed by IPN-Orsay and Univ.~of Texas at El Paso under grant NSF-PHY-9874653. \bibitem{NSTAR12} Nucleon Resonance Studies with CLAS12 in the Transition from Soft to Partonic Physics, Spokespersons: V.I.~Mokeev, R.W.~Gothe, V.D.~Burkert, P.L.~Cole, K.~Joo, and P.~Stoler. Proposal to be submitted in Jan.~2009. \bibitem{Aznauryan-2005} I.G.~Aznauryan {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev.~C {\bf 71}, 015201 (2005). \bibitem{Aznauryan-2005-1} I.G.~Aznauryan {\it et al.}, Phys. Rev.~C {\bf 72}, 045201 (2005). \bibitem{MoranLopez} Jose Luis Mor\'{a}n-L\'{o}pez, {\it Physics in Latin America Comes of Age}, Physics Today, Oct.~2000 Vol.~53, Number 10, online at \underline{http://www.aip.org/pt/vol-53/iss-10/p38.html}. \bibitem{PDB} R.M. Barnett {\it et al.}, Review of Particle Physics, Phys. Rev. D {\bf 54},1 (1996). \bibitem{Goity} J. L. Goity, A. M. Bernstein, J. F. Donoghue, and B. R. Holstein, manuscript in preparation; J. L. Goity, talk at Baryons 2002. \bibitem{Mou02}B. Ananthanarayan and B. Moussallam, preprint hep-ph/0205232. \bibitem{Ioffe07}B.L. Ioffe and A.G. Oganesian, Phys. Lett.~B {\bf 647}, 389 (2007). \end{thebibliography} # Budget Justification The three senior personnel on this project, Dr. Phil Cole, Dr. Dan Dale, and Dr. Tony Forest, each have established physics programs at Jefferson Lab and will continue to pursue those endeavors using the support itemized in the budget. Almost 40% of the budget in this proposal is devoted to supporting several graduate students currently pursuing their Ph. D. degrees within the JLab research program. Two undergraduate students will also continue to be supported by this grant. Undergraduates supported in past years have made substantial contributions to the program while gaining research experience. The support from this grant will be used to extend those experiences to include accelerator operations. We plan to use undergraduates as operators of the accelerators we will be using to provide ionizing radiation for testing the detectors we build. Our travel budget is based on the number of shifts we expect to take at JLAB as well as several collaboration meetings we will need to attend. The ISU group was assigned 32 CLAS shifts in 2008 which requires at most 8 trips to JLab when the shifts are taken in blocks of 4. Our past experiences indicate that the costs of an individual trip to JLAB from Idaho range between$1,200 and $2,000 per trip. We estimate that we will spend approximately$16,000 per trip in order to absorb the market fluctuations as well as the probably increases in travel costs. Each PI expects to attend at least 3 collaboration meetings per year. The PI's have substantial roles in the Qweak, PRIMEX, and CLAS collaborations. We estimate a cost of $18,000 for this travel. We also expect to present the results of our work at conferences each year and request$4,000 to defray those costs.

A shipping budget for $100 is requested to support the exchange of materials between JLab and ISU as we move towards construction of the RI tracking system for CLAS12. Our Laboratory for Detector Science expends on average$3000 in consumables each year. We expect to upgrade or replace an average of 1 computer each year which is used for data acquisition or analysis at a cost of $2000. We will also add to our data acquisition system by purchasing a NIM/VME modules at a cost of$5000. During the first we plan to purchase two gate generators for digital signal generation and a VME module for producing LVDS signals. The LVDS signal module will be used to test the front end electronics of the Qweak Region 1 tracking system. In year two we plan on purchasing F1 TDC's for the purpose of measuring the performance of Drift Chambers developed as part of the CLAS 12 GeV upgrade. We plan on purchasing several more channels of leading edge discriminators and post amplifiers in the final year to increase the number of detector channels we are capable of measuring with out current CODA based DAQ system.

# Project Summary

abstract: 1-2 paragraphs (max), describing research and broader impacts, on jargon or symbols (plain text), at the level of a NY Times science article

The focus of this grant goes towards supporting our continuing research program at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using electromagnetic probes to study hadronic matter at the very fundamental and basic levels. Our group has taken crucial roles in three separate experiments that test the nature of particle interactions which falls under the rubric of the "Standard Model". One experiment, Qweak, uses the parity-violating property of the weak interaction to measure a fundamental parameter of the Standard Model known as the Weinberg (or mixing) angle to within a relative error of 0.3%. This angle is related to the ratio of two particle masses, the W and Z bosons, and varies as a function of the momentum transferred to the scattering target. A precise measurement from this experiment, when combined with other experiments, will place strong constraints on proposed extensions to our present version of the Standard Model. In another experiment, a member of our group leads the pion lifetime measurements undertaken in Jefferson Lab's Hall B which seeks to probe the mechanism through which a neutrally charged pion can decay into two photons. In this experiment, neutral pions will be photoproduced from the Coulomb field of nuclei via the Primakoff effect, and will be detected in a highly segmented calorimeter. The experiment measures a fundamental quantity which can be calculated in the context of chiral perturbation theory and represents one of the few stringent experimental tests of QCD that can be made in the confinement scale regime. Our group also conducts experiments to extract polarization observables from vector meson photoproduction with linearly-polarized photons in the g8b (proton) and g13a/b (deuteron) datasets, which is the subject of three ISU PhD theses. Recent CLAS results on the extraction of single- and double-polarization observables in photo- and electroproduction show their high sensitivity to small production amplitudes, which is key in extracting excited baryon state by affording an understanding of the underlying symmetry of the quark degrees of freedom in the nucleon, the nature of the parity exchange between the incident photon and the target nucleon, and the mechanism of associated strangeness production in electromagnetic reactions. As a natural extension to the JLab baryon resonance studies component, we expect to expand our research to the Beijing Electron Positron Collider, where we will extract excited baryons states decaying through charmed mesons at the Beijing Electron Spectrometer (BES). We seek to coordinate this research with BES by analyzing the decay of the J/psi into baryon-antibaryon channels, where we expect a complementary means for probing nucleon resonances (N*) in the mass region up to 2 GeV. Our group is planning to construct a set of six drift chambers to be used as the region 1 particle tracking system in Jefferson Lab's Hall B. This group's research program at JLab, the accelerator facilities at ISU, and continuous detector construction projects in the groups Laboratory for Detector Science, combine in an active program to provide a breadth of experiences in an educational environment which can be used to effectively train the next generation of scientists.

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