PAA Bibliography

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Web Sites

Table of isotopes

coincidence finder

NEA Janis data base


Refereed Journals

Elemental Analysis


Twenty six elements was studied preliminary in the superficial sediments of Havana Bay using gamma activation analysis by the electron accelerator microtron MT-25 at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR. Samples from five zones of Havana Bay including the three coves were analyzed. The obtained results show a close relation between the concentration levels of the studied elements and the pollution sources. Some elements (As, Ba, Ni, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr, Mn) have high concentration levels compared to the values for other environmental marine sediments reported in the literature.

File:Gelen JRMC V266 2005 p485.pdf

NAA Coincidence counting


A new trace-element quantification method has been developed by combining multiple gamma-ray detection and neutron activation analysis. This method is characterized by high sensitivity and simultaneous analysis for multi- elements. The quantification accuracy amounts to 3–20% depending on statistics. It has been successfully applied to the analyses of igneous rock samples, long-lived radionuclide, 129I, and geologic samples. Future perspectives for an innovative pulsed neutron source and a new detector system will be presented.

File:Oshima JNST v39 2002 p292.pdf

Gold prospecting using plant

Comparison of PAA and NAA


The potential of photon activation analysis (PAA) for multielement trace analysis can hardly compare with that of neutron activation analysis (NAA). However, PAA appears superior over NAA for the determination of a number of elements, namely C, N, O, F, Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, Ni, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Sn, Tl and Pb in geological, environmental and biological materials. Most of these and other elements can be determined using nondestructive, instrumental PAA (IPAA), especially in geological materials. The possibilities of IPAA for multielement analysis using photoexitation and other photonuclear reactions are reviewed and compared with those of instrumental NAA (INAA), namely for geological materials. The need for and usefulness of radiochemical PAA (RPAA) procedures are also discussed.

File:Randa JRMC V271 2007 p589.pdf




IAEA Handbook on photo nuclear data for applications cross-sections and specta 199

File:IAEA-TECDOC-1178 pg1-91.pdf File:IAEA-TECDOC-1178 Appendix B.pdf

S. Landsberger Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory, University of Texas, Pickle Research Campus, R-9000, Austin, TX 78712 Radioanalytical Methods in Interdisciplinary Research Chapter 21, pp 307–336 Chapter DOI: 10.1021/bk-2004-0868.ch021 ACS Symposium Series, Vol. 868 ISBN13: 9780841238374eISBN: 9780841219731 Publication Date (Print): November 04, 2003 Copyright © 2004 American Chemical Society

Nuclear Cross Sections

File:LosAlamosManual LL-11711-M 1989 Fisher.pdf

Detection Limits

File:Meyers Zelst Sayre BNL-21513.pdf suggest that the gold and iridium content can be used to distinguish between Sasanian (Iran) coins and other silver coins.

Commonly measured isotopes








Other methods




multi-element AAS

Source Certificates

Mn-54 #129804

File:Mn-54 129804.pdf

Co-60 #124838

File:Co-60 124838.pdf

Na-22 #129741

File:Na-22 129741.pdf

Cs-137 #129792

File:Cs-137 129792.pdf

Ba-133 #129789

File:Ba-133 129789.pdf

Y-88 #12610721

File:Y-88 12610721.pdf