Ionization Chamber

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GEM preamp Design

Charge Collector Design

Parts List and Vendors

Gasket Design

Qweak Chamber machining

The scope picture(100ns/div and 5 mv/div) below shows the Qweak GEM chamber's "TrigOut" pulse caused by a cosmic ionization event in the Qweak R1 detector. The "TrigOut" pulse is about 20 mV in height and 50 ns wide. The pulse represents electrons leaving the last GEM preamplifier stage and is therefore a positive going pulse. The high voltage was set to -3400 Volts on the cathode [math](V_{Drift})[/math] and -3100 Volts on the GEM foil voltage divider network [math](V_{GEMFoil})[/math] which powers all three GEM foil preamplifier stages. The chamber was filled with a gas mixture composed of 90% Argon and 10% CO2 by volume.

QweakTrigOut Scope and Detector 3-04-09 1.jpg

As shown below, the noise level has a peak to peak amplitude of about [math](14 \pm 1 )[/math] mV. The "TrigOut" pulse is almost a factor of 3 (20/(6.7 [math]\pm[/math] 0.8 = SNR) higher than the noise. The VFAT amplifier cards will be located on the strips improving the SNR.

QweakNoiseLevel 2 3400V 3-04-09.png

Qweak RandomHitProbability R1.jpg

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