000416256

2p0

# Participants


Tony Forest	   Principal Investigator   Yes
Phil Cole	   Principal Investigator   No
Dan Dale	   Principal Investigator   No



# Activities and Findings

This section will serve as your report to your program officer of your project's activities and findings. Please describe what you have done and what you have learned, broken down into four categories:

## What have been your major research and education activities (experiments, observations, simulations,presentations, etc.)

The nuclear physics group at Idaho State University has been actively engaged in three experiments at Jefferson Lab; Qweak, Primex, and g13. PI Forest and graduate students T. Diberidze and W. Parsons have worked on installing the R1 tracking detector and readout electronics for Qweak. PI Dale, has worked to published the latest results from the Primex experiment and is currently preparing to take data in Jefferson Lab's Hall B. PI Cole and graduate students D. Martinez, J. Salamanca and C. Taylor have been working with CLAS' g8 and g13 run groups in JLab's Hall B. Two students, W. parsons and J. Salamanca, have graduated this year. The progress of these endeavors is described below.

### Qweak Region 1 Tracking System Detector

The testing and installation of the Region 1 tracking system for the Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab has been a research activity supported by this grant. The Qweak Region 1 tracking system is one of three tracking systems designed to measure the profile of elastically scattered electrons as well as background contributions to the parity violating signal. The Region 1 tracking system is located behind the first collimator at a distance of about 550 cm from the main torus magnet ( 200 cm from the target). The collimator divides the acceptance into 8 regions, octants, and reduces the azimuthal acceptance by almost 30 percent. Figure 1a shows the simulated elastic scattering profile overlayed on one of the octants. Figure 1b shows the detector mounted on the R1 rotator in preparation for a few tests before the commissioning run. One VFAT card is mounted to the top of the detector so the impact of the high dose can be tested before installing all of the readout cards. The Region 1 tracking system will measure the electron scattering angle at only 2 of the octants at a time and will rotate in to perform measurements in the remaining octants.

 Figure 1a Figure 1b.

A front end readout system which may be used for Qweak's region 1 tracking system has been under development for the last 3 years. It is based upon a digitization card, known as the VFAT hybrid board, designed at CERN for the TOTEM experiment. The VFAT board has been designed to withstand up to 100 Mrad of radiation and can digitize it's 128 input channels at a sampling frequency of 40 MHz storing up to 128 triggered events. The VFAT card digitizes the analog output of the GEM detector to indicate the presence of a hit on one of the charge collector's copper strips.

The infrastructure to readout a detector contains four basic elements. A VFAT readout board to convert the analog charge observed on a charge collector strip to a digital signal. A Gumstick unix micro-controller to program the VFAT card and set parameters like the amplifier gain and discriminator thresholds. A breakout board which serves as a branch highway to deliver control input and data output signals. A VME I/O board, CAEN V1495, to receive the LVDS digital signals from the VFAT via the breakout board and store the signals for readout by a single board computer located in a VME crate.

Implementation of the breakout board and the programming of the CAEN V1495 FPGA were the subject of W. Parson's graduate thesis. The lines of communication between the VFAT readout board, the Gumstick controller, and the VME FPGA I/O module are managed by the breakout board. W. parson's thesis describes the design of this board. The design and a picture of the finished board are shown below in Figure 2. The thesis also describes the software developed for the V1495. Also shown in the Figure 2 is a NIM module design by T. Didberidze which is used to distribute power and the I2C micro-controller signals to the readout system.

### Primex

The PrimEx Collaboration is in the final stages of editing a paper to be submitted to Physical Review Letters in the next couple of weeks. In this paper, we report a radiative neutral pion decay width, of $7.82 0.14 (stat) (0.17) (syst) eV$. This result is considerably more precise than the current Particle Data Book average (2.5 times more precise), and is consistent with current chiral perturbation calculations including next-to-leading order. In addition to this paper, substantial progress has been made on a paper describing high precision photon flux measurements for tagged photon experiments. Publication of this paper is expected during year two of this grant.

For the upcoming PrimEx run, the ISU group has taken primary responsibility for the pair spectrometer online luminosity monitor. During this period, considerable work was performed on the pair spectrometer including electronics checkout, upgrading and calibrating the scintillator detectors, and development of the run plan as it impacts the luminosity monitoring. As spokesperson for the experiment, Dr. Dale has also written the relevant safety documentation for the experiment which is required by the Laboratory, and has been involved in the preparation for the run at all levels.

### g8b and g13a/b (polarized photons off protons and deuterons)

(For greater details, please see the final report to Award ID: 0555497 PI: P.L. Cole)

The g8b dataset will measure the beam asymmetry (and other polarization observables) using polarized photons interacting with protons and deuterons which result in the final states ηp, KY (Y=Λ,Σ0, Σ+), ρ0p, (ρ+n), ωp, and φp from Eγ=1.1 GeV to 2.1 GeV. This is to be compared to measured asymmetries at GRAAL (Eγ < 1.5GeV) to higher energy which observed the final states ηp, K+Λ . For φp g8b will afford an extension of the measured asymmetry at SPring8 (Eγ >1.7 GeV) to lower energy and higher t. Julian Salamanca has completed his Ph.D. thesis titled: THE PHOTOPRODUCTION OF φ-MESONS OFF PROTONS BY USING A BEAM OF LINEARLY POLARIZED PHOTONS AT THRESHOLD ENERGIES on October, 2009 (see http://www.jlab.org/~salamanc/phd_thesis_new-5-ds-v3.pdf). Danny Martinez is currently working on his thesis titled: THE PHOTOPRODUCTION OF ω-MESONS OFF PROTONS BY USING A BEAM OF LINEARLY POLARIZED PHOTONS AT THRESHOLD ENERGIES.

Similarly, the g13a/b datasets will yield the measurement of beam asymmetry (and other polarizeation observables) in ηp, ηn, KY (Y=Λ,Σ0, Σ+,Σ-), ρ0p, ρ0n,(ρ+n & ρ-p), ωp, and φp from Eγ=1.1 GeV to 2.3 GeV. Charles Taylor is currently working on his thesis title: THE PHOTOPRODUCTION OF THE KΛ OFF NEUTRONS BY USING A BEAM OF LINEARLY AND CIRCULARLY POLARIZED PHOTONS.

### Physics Analysis

Graduate students T. Didberidze, D. Martinez, and C. Taylor are analyzing Jefferson Lab data sets taken in Hall B. T. Didberidze is currently analyzing data from Hall B's EG1 run group which will test independent fragmentation for SIDIS. D. Martinez is has completed calibrating the time-of-flight system for the g13 experiment and is now searching for omega mesons in g8 data set for his thesis. C. Taylor used his calibration work on g13 to calibrate the start counter for the FROST experiment at Jlab as a collaborative service task.

## What are your major findings from the activities identified above

At least 2 major findings have been done in the first year of this work. First, the data throughput for the Qweak R1 detector system was measured. The readout system had zero deadtime until after an event rate of 5 kHz. A deadtime of 20% was observed at an event rate of 7 kHz. The Qweak elastic rate is expected to be about 1-3 kHz during the low nano-Amp current runs. The second, major finding was the plateau region for the Qweak R1 detectors. Below is a sample set of measurement indicating that the R1 detector cosmic rate is maximum at a drift HV above 3200 Volts.

## What research and teaching skills and experience has the project helped provide to those who worked on the project

Describe the opportunities for training and development provided by your project.

As part of their graduate studies, students working with the group gain skills and experiences in the area of detector development and error analysis. Students working with PI Forest have been trained in the use of electronics for nuclear physics. One student wrote the library for a readout system and designed electronics boards. Another student instrumented detectors for performance tests including building their own NIM module as shown above.

## What outreach activities have you undertaken to increase public understanding of, and participation in, science and technology?

Describe outreach activities your project has undertaken.

The physics department also holds a mentoring program for high school teachers and their students during the first month of summer. The group instructed about 14 teachers and students on the operating principles of drift chambers and scintillators. The students were part of an REU program at Idaho State University and were tasked with designing and constructing PMT bases for use in experiments at the Idaho Accelerator Center. The program is a fortuitous example of how research and education can combine efforts and improve the public's understanding of science and technology.

# Publications and Products

In this section, you will be asked to describe the tangible products coming out of your project. Specifically:

What have you published as a result of this work? Journal publications

Books or other non-periodical, one-time publications

What Web site or other Internet site have you created?

What other specific products (databases, physical collections, educational aids, software, instruments, or the like) have you developed?

## What have you published as a result of this work?

This work is in progress and has not resulted in any publications.

## Journal publications

1. Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering Beam-Spin Asymmetries., F.X. Girod et al. (The CLAS Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 162002 (2008). http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v100/e162002
2. Beam spin asymmetry in deep and exclusive p0 electroproduction., R. De Masi et al. (The CLAS Collaboration), Phys. Rev. C 77, 042201 (2008). http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRC/v77/e042201
3. Cross Sections for gamma p to K0*+ Sigma at Egamma=1.7-3.0 GeV , I. Hleiqawi, et. al., Phys. Rev. C 75,2007, 042201.
4. Separated Structure Functions for the Exclusive electroproduction of K+ Lambda and K+ Sigma Final States , P. Ambrozewicz, et. al., Phys. Rev. C 75,2007, 045203.
5. First measurement of Beam Recoil Observables C(x) and C(z) in hyperon Photoproduction , R. Bradford, et. al., Phys. Rev. C 75,2007, 035205.

Quark-Hadron Duality in Spin Structure Functions g1p and g1d , P. Bosted, et. al., Phys. Rev. C 75,2007, 035203.

## Books or other non-periodical, one-time publications

Insert Phil's proceedings from the south america conference.

# Contributions

Now we invite you to explain ways in which your work, your findings, and specific products of your project are significant. Describe the unique contributions, major accomplishments, innovations and successes of your project relative to :

the principal discipline(s) of the project;

other disciplines of science or engineering;

the development of human resources;

the physical, institutional, or information resources that form the infrastructure for research and education; and

other aspects of public welfare beyond science and engineering, such as commercial technology, the economy, cost-efficient environmental protection, or solutions to social problems.

# Special Requirements

From Dan:

The group's activities in regards to the {\em PrimEx} experiment at Jefferson Laboratory have focussed on writing publications resulting from the last run as well as preparing for the upcoming run at Jefferson Laboratory which is scheduled to run from September 27, 2010 to November 10, 2010.

The {\em PrimEx} Collaboration is in the final stages of editing a paper to be submitted to Physical Review Letters in the next couple of weeks. In this paper, we report a radiative neutral pion decay width, $\Gamma(\pi^o\rightarrow \gamma \gamma)$ of $7.82 \pm 0.14 (stat) \pm (0.17) (syst) eV$. This result is considerably more precise than the current Particle Data Book average (2.5 times more precise), and is consistent with current chiral perturbation calculations including next-to-leading order. In addition to this paper, substantial progress has been made on a paper describing high precision photon flux measurements for tagged photon experiments. Publication of this paper is expected during year two of this grant.

For the upcoming {\em PrimEx} run, the ISU group has taken primary responsibility for the pair spectrometer online luminosity monitor. During this period, considerable work was performed on the pair spectrometer including electronics checkout, upgrading and calibrating the scintillator detectors, and development of the run plan as it impacts the luminosity monitoring. As spokesperson for the experiment, Dr. Dale has also written the relevant safety documentation for the experiment which is required by the Laboratory, and has been involved in the preparation for the run at all levels.

000416256

# 7/14/10

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 5 personnel working to fulfill the research objectives outlined in NSF award #PHY-0855661. The objectives of the last quarter, as described in the above proposal, were to complete installation of the Qweak detectors in Hall C at Jefferson Lab and begin the construction of the R1 chambers for Hall B. The Qweak detectors for Jlab's Hall C have been delivered and one of the detectors is currently operating in the Hall. The mounting system for the detectors was the responsibility of another institution and has faced some challenges delaying it's completion. T. Didberidze and principal investigator, T. Forest, have made two trips to JLab to complete the installation and plan at least one final trip at the end of July. The construction of the R1 drift chambers for Hall B has been delayed by Hall B management for about 8 months. B. Starks has been designing several clean room options to facilitate the construction of the R1 chambers during the past quarter and will finalize the design by the end of July. C. Taylor used his calibration work on g13 to calibrate the start counter for the FROST experiment at Jlab as a collaborative service task. D. Martinez is has completed calibrating the time-of-flight system for the g13 experiment and is now using that calibration to search for mesons to analyze for his thesis. W. Parsons defended his thesis on the Qweak readout system and is currently completing thesis revisions. J. Salamanca has graduated since the last quarter and taken a position at another institution.

# 1/14/10

ARRA funding has supported the activities of 6 personnel working to fulfill the research objectives outlined in NSF award #PHY-0855661. The objectives of the last quarter, as described in the proposal, were to complete testing of the Qweak region 1 tracking system and begin installing a clean room. T. Didberidze has completed testing the Qweak region 1 detector and has shipped one of the two detectors to JLab. B. Starks has received two air shower enclosures for the clean room and has installed a temperature monitoring system. W. Parsons has completed a software library which will be used in a readout system for the Qweak detector. J. Salamanca has graduated with a Ph. D. in physics and will be starting an academic position in Colombia. D. Martinez is calibrating a time-of-flight system for the g13 experiment in JLab's hall B. C. Taylor is calibrating the Large Angle Calorimeter for the g13 experiment in JLab's Hall B.