DV Analyze Recon

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Calculating kinematic variables in Moller Lab Frame

Vector Magnitude

The pythagorean theorem is used to take the 3 cartesean components in the Lab frame to find the magnitude of the Moller momentum vector, [math]|\vec{p}_2\ '|[/math].

[math]|\vec{p}_2\ '|=\sqrt{p_x^2+p_y^2+p_z^2}[/math]

Finding the correct kinematic values starting from knowing the momentum of the Moller electron, [math]p^'_{2}[/math] , in the Lab frame,

xz Plane

Xz lab.png
Figure 1: Definition of Moller electron variables in the Lab Frame in the x-z plane.

Using [math]\theta '_2=\arccos \left(\frac{p^'_{2(z)}}{p^'_{2}}\right)[/math]

[math]\Longrightarrow {p^'_{2(z)}=p^'_{2}\cos(\theta '_2)}[/math]

Checking on the sign resulting from the cosine function, we are limited to:

[math]0^\circ \le \theta '_2 \le 60^\circ \equiv 0 \le \theta '_2 \le 1.046\ Radians[/math]


[math]\frac{p^'_{2(z)}}{p^'_{2}}=cos(\theta '_2)[/math]

[math]\Longrightarrow p^'_{2(z)}\ should\ always\ be\ positive[/math]

xy Plane

Xy lab.png
Figure 2: Definition of Moller electron variables in the Lab Frame in the x-y plane.

Similarly, [math]\phi '_2=\arccos \left( \frac{p^'_{2(x) Lab}}{p^'_{2(xy)}} \right)[/math]

where [math]p_{2(xy)}^'=\sqrt{(p_{2(x)}^')^2+(p^'_{2(y)})^2}[/math]


and using [math]p^2=p_{(x)}^2+p_{(y)}^2+p_{(z)}^2[/math]

this gives [math](p^'_{2})^2=(p^'_{2(xy)})^2+(p^'_{2(z)})^2[/math]

[math]\Longrightarrow (p'_{2})^2-(p'_{2(z)})^2 = (p'_{2(xy)})^2[/math]

[math]\Longrightarrow p_{2(xy)}^'=\sqrt{(p^'_{2})^2-(p^'_{2(z)})^2}[/math]

which gives[math]\phi '_2 = \arccos \left( \frac{p_{2(x)}'}{\sqrt{p_{2}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(z)}^{'\ 2}}}\right)[/math]
[math]\Longrightarrow p_{2(x)}'=\sqrt{p_{2}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(z)}^{'\ 2}} \cos(\phi)[/math]

Similarly, using [math]p_{2}^2=p_{2(x)}^2+p_{2(y)}^2+p_{2(z)}^2[/math]

[math]\Longrightarrow p_{2}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(x)}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(z)}^{'\ 2}=p_{2(y)}^{'\ 2}[/math]
[math]p_{2(y)}'=\sqrt{p_{2}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(x)}^{'\ 2}-p_{2(z)}^{'\ 2}}[/math]

[math]p_{x}[/math] and [math]p_{y}[/math] results based on [math]\phi[/math]

Checking on the sign from the cosine results for [math]\phi '_2[/math]

We have the limiting range that [math]\phi[/math] must fall within:

[math]-\pi \le \phi '_2 \le \pi\ Radians[/math]
Xy plane.png

Examining the signs of the components which make up the angle [math]\phi[/math] in the 4 quadrants which make up the xy plane:

[math]For\ 0 \ge \phi '_2 \ge \frac{-\pi}{2}\ Radians[/math]
[math]For\ 0 \le \phi '_2 \le \frac{\pi}{2}\ Radians[/math]
[math]For\ \frac{-\pi}{2} \ge \phi '_2 \ge -\pi\ Radians[/math]
[math]For\ \frac{\pi}{2} \le \phi '_2 \le \pi\ Radians[/math]


Generating 4-Vector

From a GEMC run of solenoid field strength of 0T, the eg12_rec.0.evio output file of the reconstruction is analyzed. The different kinematic variables are displayed as shown:


Using the phythagorean theorm to construct the Generated Event momentum vector length, we find:

[math]|\vec{p}_2\ '|=\sqrt{1.23162997^2+1.49707997^2+3.6786499^2}=4.15819983964\ GeV/c[/math]

Using the expression found above for [math]\theta[/math]

[math]\theta '_2=\arccos \left(\frac{p^'_{2(z)}}{p^'_{2}}\right)=\arccos \left(\frac{3.6786499}{4.15819983964}\right)=.4850027502\ Radians=27.7886106387\ degrees[/math]

Similarly, using the expression found for [math]\phi[/math]

[math]\phi '_2=\arccos \left( \frac{p^'_{2(x) Lab}}{p^'_{2(xy)}} \right)=\arccos \left( \frac{1.23162997}{1.93859764252} \right)=.882373425906\ Radians=50.5562732589\ degrees[/math]

where [math]p_{2(xy)}^'=\sqrt{(p_{2(x)}^')^2+(p^'_{2(y)})^2}=\sqrt{1.23162997^2+1.49707997^2}=1.93859764252\ GeV/c[/math]

We take the phi angle from the Generated Event momentum as the initial phi angle.

Change of Generating Vector in eg12 detector

The obtain the final phi angle, we can look at the final position of the electron with in the drift chambers. The drift chambers have their own unique coordinate system, which is a rotation

Event14 part2.png

Examining the position from Timer Based Tracking, we can see that after rotations about first the y-axis, then the z-axis transforms from the detector frame of reference to the lab frame of reference.

Euler Angles

We can use the Euler angles to perform the rotations.

For the rotation about the y axis.


And the rotation about the z axis.


Transformation Matrix Verification

The Euler angles can be applied using a transformation matrix

[math]\left( \begin{array}{ccc} \cos (\theta ) & 0 & -\sin (\theta ) \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ \sin (\theta ) & 0 & \cos (\theta ) \\ \end{array} \right).\left( \begin{array}{c} x \\ y \\ z \\ \end{array} \right)[/math][math]=\left( \begin{array}{c} x \cos (\theta )-z \sin (\theta ) \\ y \\ z \cos (\theta )+x \sin (\theta ) \\ \end{array} \right)[/math]

This can be verified using ced.


For eg12_rec.0.evio, trial 1, for 0T, event #14, in sector 2, the location of the first interaction is given by


Starting with the tilted xyz coordinates, we can use the fact that each paddle of the detecters is rotated -25 degrees from the y axis. Converting this into radians, we find

[math]\theta=\frac{-25\ 2 \pi }{360} =-0.436332[/math]

Using the Euler transformation matrix:

[math]\left( \begin{array}{ccc} \cos (\theta ) & 0 & -\sin (\theta ) \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ \sin (\theta ) & 0 & \cos (\theta ) \\ \end{array} \right).\left( \begin{array}{c} 9.26 \\ 0 \\ 237.27 \\ \end{array} \right)[/math][math]=\left( \begin{array}{c} 108.667 \\ 0. \\ 211.126 \\ \end{array} \right)[/math]

This shows the tilted xyzis equal to the sector xyz after a y axis rotation of -25 degrees. From this, each sector has a rotation of 60 degrees per sector number about the z axis. Using the relationship,

Sector Number-1=2-1=1

We need one 60 degree rotation about the z-axis, or in radians:

[math]\phi =\frac{120\ 2 \pi }{360}=1.0471975512[/math]

Using the Euler transformation for a z-axis rotation:

[math]\left( \begin{array}{ccc} \cos (\phi ) & -\sin (\phi ) & 0 \\ \sin (\phi ) & \cos (\phi ) & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \\ \end{array} \right).\left( \begin{array}{c} 108.667 \\ 0. \\ 211.126 \\ \end{array} \right)[/math][math]=\left( \begin{array}{c} 54.3335 \\ 94.1084 \\ 221.126 \\ \end{array} \right)[/math]

This shows how the coordinates are transformed and explains the validity of using the TBTracking information to obtain a phi angle in the lab frame.