ArCO2 IonizationPhysics

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A Min Ion Particle traversing Ar gas at 1 atm ionizes 22 atoms/cm Primary and 94-100 Total per cm. The Primary is an ionization from the incident particle, Total includes ionization from secondaries.

[math]\bar{E}=[/math] 27 eV = average energy to ionize an electron in an Argon Atom

[math]\bar{N_{PE}} = \frac{E_{\gamma}}{27 eV} =[/math] average number of photoelectrons produced

Quenching Gas:

1.) reduces the influence of the positive ions creates on the photoelectron signal: The excited Ar+ atoms emit photon in the UV range which are absorbed by the quenching gas

2.)Collisions with the quenching gas will neutralize the Ar+ ions. When the quenched gas, having an electron remove by the Ar+ collision, reaches the cathode and collects an electron, most of the energy goes into dissociation of the Quench gas.

If the quech gas is CH4 then

CH4+ [math]\Rightarrow[/math] H2 + CH2

Argon Escape peak
You need 3.203 keV to ionize a K-shell electron in Argon. If your incident ionizing particle (photon or electron) has more than that energy then it is possible to excite Argon so it becomes a source of photons (X-rays) during the ionization process. The Ar-Ka (2.958 keV) X-ray is one likely X-ray. If that photon ESCAPEs the detector without causing ionization, then your signal will contain less ionized electrons. The process is such that during the ionizing of multiple Argon atoms by a photon loosing energy to the gas, the photon will excite one Argon atom such that it emits an X-ray which excapes the chamber.

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