Induced Neutron Fission Fragment
Neutron energy: types and spectra
Neutron are classified into four types depending on their energy, each type has energy range which may change from one reference to another. The following table shows the types of these neutrons, energy range, and common applications.
|Neutron Type||Energy Range||Common applications||Cold Neutrons|
The Neutron fission Cross Section for U-238 and Th-232
The cross section is defined by the following equation :<ref name="Ahmed"/>
Whereis the number incident particle per uni area per unit time, dN is the average number of particles per unit time that interacted per unit solid angle, and is the solid angle. Since the cross section has an area unit (barn), some authors define this quantity as the area to which the particle is exposed to make an interaction. <ref name="Ahmed">Syed Ahmed, Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection (Academic Press 2007) </ref> The cross section values are represented as a function of energy that gives the value of the cross section for each energy value and shows the resonance peaks. A theoretical description of the neutron fission cross section curve is not available, but statistically it is possible to evaluate the parameters for an assumption that describes part of the cross section curve within a certain error.<ref name="Hyde"/>
Neutron fission is one of the interactions that commonly takes place spontaneously or under certain experimental conditions. An incident neutron depositing sufficient energy in a nucleus to enable the nucleus to overcome the Coulomb barrier will cause the nucleus to split into fragment ligher nuclei (fragments) and particles. The new products interact with the surrounding medium depending on their energy and the type of the medium that contains them.
Both U-238 and Th-232 are members of the actinides group. They are characterized by relatively high neutron fission cross sections for fast neutrons with fission thresholds above the thermal neutron energy. The fission reaction in both elements is expected to eject 1-2 neutrons when the incident neutron energy is between 5-10 MeV as shown in Fig.9 and Fig.10.