# 10-31-08 GEM HRRL Photon Runs

The Goal today is to observe position dependence of photons on the GEM detector

 Cell Cable Number GEM Strip # Counting House Cable # List File ADC # A1 13 B1 3 A2 11 B2 A3 Trig B3 A4 2 B4 A6 16 B6 A7 8 B7 A8 5 B8 A9 NaI B9

# Run 0

GEM Backgrnd.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =0

5 minutes long

# Run 1

Run1.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

ADC 1D has clear second peak at channel 150 but ADC1 does not. Lets Observe ADC 1D as a function of position. This corresponds to GEM output strip 13.

5 minutes long

# Run 2

Run2.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3550, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

5 minutes long

I see a second peak on ADC1D but it is at channels 100 and not 150.

# Run 3

Run3.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3550, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

3 minutes long

Unplug NaI and peak resumes near 150 channels

# Run 4

Run4.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

Now turn the detector on with the beam current on and I see a peak around 150 channels again.

3 minutes long. OOOPPPs left DAQ running while we moved the detector. Only look at first 3 minutes.

Pin 13 was located 63 cm from the mounting bracket horizontal cross bar.

# Run 5

Run5.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

Now move the detector away from the photons.

Pin 13 is a distance of 22 cm from the mounting bar moved 41 cm from its original location at 63 cm

# Run 6

Run6.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

Now move the detector away from the photons.

Pin 13 is a distance of 43 cm from the mounting bar moved 20 cm from its original location at 63 cm

Start 4:36 End 4:39

# Run 7

Run7.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

Now move the detector away from the photons.

Pin 13 is a distance of 33 cm from the mounting bar moved 30 cm from its original location at 63 cm

Start 5:51 End 5:54

# Run 8

Run8.mpa

GEM HV : VDrif = 3850, VGem = 3550

HRRL : E = 14 MeV, I =20mA

Now move the detector away from the photons.

Pin 13 is a distance of 54 cm from the mounting bar moved 9 cm from its original location at 63 cm

Start : 5.03 End : 5:07

# Analysis

## Background -vs -signal

The graph below shows the observed rate from strip 13 of the GEM detector when the ionization signal was turned off. The signal from ionizing radiation was turned off in 2 ways. First the beam current was turned off (Run 0) and the output of the detector was measured while the RF was left on. Next the detector drift high voltage was lowered to the same voltage as the GEM HV (Run 3) in order to reduce the number of ionized electrons traveling to the charge collector for readout. The data from run 1 and run 4 was used illustrate the output of the GEM detector under normal running conditions.

Tamuna:  Would you overlay the "Peak" histograms into 1 plot which has the units of events/sec on Y-axis.

 Run Number DriftHV(Volts) Incident Photon Energy(MeV) Current(mA) Run Time(seconds) Histogram Peak Rate(per minute) Background(0) 3850 14 0 ~300??? 210.4 ????? 1 3850 14 20 302.902 3642.8 2 3550 14 20 243.588 1290.5 3 3550 14 20 110.93 3401.1

## Position -vs Rate

 Run Number Distance From max Rate(cm) Run Time(seconds) Strip 13 Rate X 1000(per event ) Strip 13 Rate per minute Histogram Histogram(Zoomed In) 4 0 667.226 1 0 302.902 134 3642 5 41 115.088 4.04 2868 6 20 255.833 143.3 2910 7 30 172.042 155.5 2934 8 9 250.657 183.1 3612

Convert the plot below to events/SEC.  The machine rep rate was 60 Hz.  It looks like the GEM saw an ionization event for every pulse when the beam hit it.
Is not it good.


# Summary

The above measurements indicate that the GEM detector responds to ionization radiation generated when a 14 MeV HRRL electron beam produces bremsstrahlung photons in a 1 mm beam exit window which are then collimator using a 4" wide lead brick wall with 1 mm thick shims place in between 2 lead bricks in order to produce a horizontal fan of photons. It was also clear that the detector rate decreases when moved away from the collimated photon beam. A clear separation was possible between the RF noise pickup on the detector and an ionzation signal when using the fast timing amplifier from ORTEC (Model 474, Maximum Gain setting X20).

Needs for the next test:

1.) A collimated electron beam using the 1 mm diameter aluminum brick as the primary collimator and the finger scintillator as the electron trigger

2.) A translation stage from the IAC to remotely move the GEM detector and test its position dependence.

3.) At least 9 ADC channels to measure the strip output. The CAEN ADCs in the VME DAQ system should have the sensitivity to measure the GEM output without the large amount of amplification used in the runs above.